Editorial/Review Board


Khawaja Ghazanfar Hussain
Director General
Bahria University, Karachi Campus, Pakistan


Head of Department
Management Sciences, Bahria University, Karachi Campus, Pakistan


Bashir Ahmad
Coordinator Post Graduate Program
Management Sciences, Bahria University, Karachi Campus, Pakistan

Managing Editor

Sadaf Alam
Management Sciences, Bahria University, Karachi Campus, Pakistan


Review Board

Global Management Journal for Academic & Corporate Studies (GMJACS)

ISSN: 2219-6145 (Print), 2305-0756 (Online)

Volume 7 Number 1 2017

Editor: Bashir Ahmad

Publisher: Management Science Department, Bahria University Karachi

Roger R. Stough

George Mason University, USA

Farooq-E-Azam Cheema

Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Joanna Brewis

University of Leicester, UK

Muhammad Ali Saeed

Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan

David L. Rowland

Graduate School, Valparaiso University, USA

Faisal Aftab

Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Prem Kumar Rajagopal

MUST University, Malaysia

Iqbal A. Panhwar

Sindh University Jamshoro, Pakistan

Sameeksha Desai

Indiana University, USA

Shabibul Hassan

Hamdard University, Pakistan

Nadeem Ahmed Bashir

King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Muhammad Asim

University of Karachi, Pakistan

Ben Lee

EDS Business School, Malaysia

Tariq Jalees

PAF KIET, Karachi, Pakistan

Chinwuba Ambrose Okafor

University of Benin, Nigeria

Ghulam Mohey-ud-Din

The Urban Unit, Lahore

Christine Mortimer

York St John University, UK

Shahid R. Mir

IBA, Karachi

Abdul Navid Tariq

Seneca College, Canada

Fazal Hussain

PIDE University,  Islamabad

Arsalan Mujahid Ghouri

Montpellier Business School, France

Zainab F. Zadeh

Bahria University, Karachi Campus

Matthew Higgins

University of Leicester, UK

M. Shahid Qureshi

IBA, Karachi

Gazi Mahabubul Alam

University of Malaya, Malaysia

Manzoor Ahmed Khalidi

PAF KIET, Karachi, Pakistan

Muhammad Rizwan

Middlesex University, UK

Rafique Ahmed Khan

Bahria University, Karachi Campus

Sumanjeet Singh

Ramjas College, University of Delhi, India

Aamir Firoz Shamsi

PAF KIET, Karachi, Pakistan

Hammad Akbar

University of Liverpool, UK

Amir Manzoor

Bahria University, Karachi Campus

Sarath WSB Dasanayaka

University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

M. Ayub Siddiqui

Fast University, Islamabad

Theodore Koutroukis

University of Aegean, Greece

Rizwana Bashir

Bahria University, Lahore Campus

Ishaq Bhatti

La Trobe Business School, Melbourne, Australia

Muhammad Ahmed

Bahria University, Lahore Campus



“Learning is the best of all wealth; it is easy to carry, thieves cannot steal it, and tyrants cannot seize it; neither fire nor water can destroy it; and far from decreasing, it increases by giving”


Progress in research is to leap forward in the domains of new ideas, innovations and inventions. Over the years, with consistent emphasis of Higher Education Commission of Pakistan on quality, research writings have improved substantially. However, the issue of connecting academia with the corporate world in the research pursuits remains short of the desired levels. In Karachi Campus, we have devised a mechanism of Corporate Advisory Committee which is comprised of the Chairman and Members, all from the Business Fields. For every issue, we discuss the new ideas coming to the corporate world and try to select those articles which cover our relevant areas. This has made our journal slightly more relevant to the issues of the business world. The writers are also requested to focus more on applied research covering issues confronting the corporate sector. I sincerely hope that the emphasis on building bridges will continue to guide us in selecting the most important research articles for publication in GMJACS. This is our sincere endeavors to ensure that academic and corporate research is integrated for optimum mutual benefits. With a review board that is larger and more diverse, we are ready to accept quality submissions of multiple dimensions.
In our understanding university journals must provide solutions to the communities and societies. A good journal is recognized not only as the one where authors choose to send their most exciting findings, but also the one which makes the students to raise questions and prompt possible solutions. The management science is expanding in scope and spectrum, getting more and more topics in its folds; we also expect our readers and writers to reflect future of organizations contributing towards well being of the humanity. In a time when interdisciplinary research is ubiquitous, it is difficult to define what truly integrates disciplines and simultaneously combines theory and application. Academicians, researchers and managers value interdisciplinary research because it challenges assumptions, interrogates as to which questions are most important, which methods are most appropriate, and what evidence should constrain the interpretation of any given research finding.
The current issue of GMJACS is more mix of material and human resource management,
implications and applications of modern technology including IT. We had received over seventy articles for this issue; however only about twenty could get through the process of desk evaluations. Stringent blind peer review further slashed the quantity, so only 19% could come up to the standards of publishing in GMJACS. Rejection rate of about 81% of total articles for this journal reflects quality consciousness which has crept over a period of time since its launching. It is getting tougher and tougher with every passing day which is a positive sign.
We would like to thank all members of the editorial board, review board, contributors, and all
colleagues and staff members who have extended their support that made this edition of GMJACS possible. We expect our readers to send us their precious feedback at gmjacs@gmail.com, so that we can assimilate value in order to further enhance the quality of the journal.

Prof. Dr. Bashir Ahmad


Prof. Dr. Mustaghis ur Rahman
                                                                                    Editor In-Chief