Guidelines for Authors
Articles submitted to GMJACS can be in all areas of Management and Business (given under call for papers) both theoretical, applied manuscripts in English, and should be electronically submitted at firstname.lastname@example.org
Manuscripts should be submitted as a single Word file including all materials. Any opinions expressed in articles are only those of authors and not necessarily those of the editors, or the publisher. Authors are personally responsible to obtain permission for reprint of previously published material in other sources. Further details related to call for papers and previous issues of the journal are available at: https://gmjacs.bahria.edu.pk/
- Follow the journal format and submission deadlines otherwise the paper will be rejected at desk review.
- Text types and Subdivision- Numbered sections
The main text; type font size:
- Paper Title – Arial 12 Bold, 1.5 line-spacing
- Headings – Arial 10 Bold, 1.5 line-spacing numbered as 1, 2, 3;
- Subheadings – Arial 10 pts Bold, numbered as 1.1, 1.2, 1.3;
- The suggested limit for the paper is 4000 to 8000 words. Figures and tables should be captioned and numbered clearly. Font style and size should be Arial 10. Please be sure that your paper is 1.5 line-spacing including references and uses 1-inch margins on all sides. Your text including the title of sections must be justified, start a new paragraph by indenting it from the left margin; for the figures and tables, use Arial 9 bold with single line spacing. Some flexibility of the presentation will be allowed but authors are urged to arrange the subject matter clearly under such headings as Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussions/Conclusions;
- Illustrations must be placed as close as possible to where they are mentioned in the main text. They must be numbered consecutively (e.g. Fig.1. Fig.2….) Bold, Centered with the caption on top, and source should be placed below the figure.
- Tables must be numbered consecutively (e.g. Table. 1). Table headings should be placed above the table;
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
A typical article might include the following main sections.
A concise and factual abstract is required consisting of 150-200 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article so it must be able to stand alone. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a minimum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ‘and’, ‘of’). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or summary of the results. The introduction should also justify why the topic of the paper is important and that the content is original. The summary of results should have been dealt with in the abstract.
- Literature Review, Conceptual Framework, Hypotheses, etc.
This section should extend (but not repeat) the background to the article already dealt with in the introduction and lay the foundation for the work being reported. It should identify the most relevant previous literature on the topic (but not in excessive detail) in order to position the paper and demonstrate how it will make a significant contribution. It (or a separate section) should set out (and justify) the theoretical or conceptual framework adopted in the paper. It may identify a number of hypotheses to be tested or research questions to be explored. In short, this section (or sections) should explain what the motivation for the paper is and why its contribution is original and significant.
- Materials and Methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. The reader needs to know that the empirical data and/or other material are relevant, reliable, and capable of supporting robust conclusions and that the methodology is appropriate, systematic, and rigorous.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussions section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study are presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section. This section should also make clear what is the original contribution of the paper, discuss the policy or management implications of the findings, provide a critical assessment of the limitations of the study, and outline possible fruitful lines for further research.
- Article length
GMJACS has a strong preference for the articles to be no more than 8,000 words including references.
- Essential title page information
- Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information- retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
- Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, the e-mail address of each other.
- Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that contact number and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
- Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must retain as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
- The maximum number of authors for a paper is three.
Any word or words to be abbreviated should be written in full when first mentioned followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis.
- Tables and Supplementary Material
Data must be kept to a minimum. Tables should be numbered and headed with short titles. As with illustrations, they should not be inserted in the manuscript but supplied either after the main body of the text or uploaded as separate files.
References to the literature should be mentioned in the main text by writing the author and year in brackets. List these at the very end of your paper (under the heading ‘References’); the references should follow the APA- style (see details on http://www.apastyle.org; also you can find details in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association).
Submission of a paper to GMJACS will be taken to imply that it presents original unpublished work in any form, not under consideration elsewhere. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources. Authors are responsible to ensures academic integrity.